Cold Form SteelCold-Formed-Steel-VS-Structural-Steel

What is Cold Form Steel?

Steel infrastructures are quite common and frequently found in cities because of the dual-purpose that steel fulfills – its low-cost acquisition and robust strength. Steel is the most widely used engineering component that serves many roles in our lives, from being a part of many building infrastructures to mobility vehicles, machinery, health equipment, etc.

Cold Form steel is generally preferred for small and mid-rise building infrastructures because it provides much more agility, flexibility, and support. Steel framing is a phrase that is often used in industrialized construction, however only few know the different types of steel framing and when to use which one.

Cold form steel, or CFS is essentially hot rolled steel that has been further processed by being allowed to cool at room temperature and annealed. Since each steel component is tremendously powerful, a cold form steel framework requires fewer studs to conjoin each component, producing a clear span floor plan.

Let’s explore in detail the aspects of cold form steel and how it has become the most used in the steel construction world –


Cold form steel is mainly used in thin-gauge sheets, both for commercial uses such as wall curtain partitions, retail stores, as well as for extensive projects such as railways, hotels, firearms, and bridges. For structural use, the application of cold form steel can be seen mainly as framing, such as beams, columns and truss members and as the flooring system.


This type of steel is made by smelting small quantities of standard raw steel in a large furnace and cooling down after it is converted into liquid. Once completed, the cooled raw steel is put through large rollers and a lower temperature level is specifically maintained in order to make it thinner, and robust. Although the production time is more than hot-formed steel, the durability and agility deduced are much better than any other steel form.


As compared to its counterpart structural steel, cold form steel is generally lightweight yet strong. Because numerous quantities of steel are smelted and then pushed through rollers, the actual weight of the final product is lighter. In addition, it has the highest strength-to-weight ratio which becomes one of the reasons why cold-formed steel is considered a worthy construction material.


Cold form steel framing always contains at least 25% recycled steel (and often more than 70% recycled steel) and meets the highest sustainability requirements of all major eco-friendly building standards and rating programs.

Installation Speed

Again, because cold-formed steel has less density but greater strength, it takes a very short period for construction crews to install it. With a few studs here and there, you can create a complete cold form steel framework ready within days. This benefits the engineers who want to expedite the construction process with basic construction equipment.

Design Flexibility And Cost

Lastly, cold form steel has the ability to excel in small or midsize building space which makes it the first choice for constructors. Not only this, cold form buildings are more cost effective due to economical project cycles, the formulaic precision of steel components, lower insurance rates, and improved design logistics.

What is Structural Steel?

After discussing multiple aspects of cold form steel, let’s move to the next type of steel which is structural steel. Metal building manufacturers generally take structural steel to construct skyscrapers, huge bridges, hospitals and railways, etc.


Because of its heavyweight framework, structural steel helps best in establishing structures that are meant to carry heavy loads, such as high-rise buildings, towers, high-end stadiums, and so on. The application of structural steel is done with the aim to give proper support to the infrastructure and simultaneously, cold form steel is used for framing and other elementary procedural steps.


The process of producing structural steel is slightly different than that of cold form steel. Here, small, raw steel quantities are heated up in a furnace and certain other metal elements are added to achieve the desired combination of structural steel. Before the final stage of the product is achieved, the heated up steel is carved into structural steel beams so it becomes rigid and firm.


Due to its rigid properties, you’ll find that structural steel is extensively heavier than any other construction element. Moreover, it would require a whole crew, crane systems and flatbed trailers to move any piece of structural steel from one construction spot to another.


Steel possesses very strong sustainability qualities, the most critical is its recyclability – steel can be recycled and reused without compromising its physical properties. An estimated 90% of steel from demolition sites is returned to steel mills for recycling worldwide.

Installation Speed

Using structural steel is a laborious task, especially when extensive welding and bolting is required. Conjoining each segment of structural steel takes much time and therefore requires construction units to work on the basis of a pre-set schedule so that the overall construction process can be completed at the given time.

Design Flexibility And Cost

In order to create memorable designs and artwork with structural steel, it is vital that you have enormous space and time to achieve a finer look. Structural steel usually does not suit well in tight spaces which makes its design flexible only in valuable spaces. And as far as the cost factor is concerned, the cost per unit of structural steel is quite high because of its heavy-duty potential. In addition, the cost of transportation is also added in the construction process.


Coastal Steel Structures gives you the opportunity to explore different steel construction methods and alternatives to suit your requirements. We strive to educate, inspire and impact each customer through one simple philosophy…building together. Our team of construction engineers, liaisons, and crew members possess the expertise to realize your dream structure.. To book an appointment and move one step towards your construction project, contact Coastal Steel Structures today!

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