When choosing the best material for commercial construction, some main factors include climate, durability, cost, and aesthetic appeal. Some of the most popular materials used in commercial construction include concrete, steel, and glass. Particularly steel studs.
Commercial buildings are often constructed with steel studs because they offer several advantages over other materials. Able to support the weight of heavy loads without destabilizing the structure, they are also fire-resistant, an important safety consideration in any building. Steel studs offer many benefits over traditional wood studs, including greater strength and durability.
What Are Steel Studs?
Steel stud metal framing, also known as cold-form steel or CFS is made from structural quality sheet steel strips that have been cold-formed into specific shapes. The most common shapes used for steel studs are C-sections, U-sections, and hat sections.
Steel studs are made by rolling steel into thin strips, then cut to the desired length. The studs are formed by bending the steel strip into the desired shape and welding the ends together. Finally, the studs are galvanized to protect them from corrosion.
Steel studs are versatile building materials used in various applications, including load-bearing and non-load-bearing partitions, ceilings, and floors.
The use of steel studs in commercial construction dates back to the late 19th century. Steel was first used in the framing of industrial buildings and warehouses. Due to its strength and durability, steel quickly became the material of choice for many commercial builders. Today, steel is one of the most common materials used in the construction of office buildings, retail centers, and other commercial structures.
When Do You Use Steel Stud Framing?
Steel studs are typically used during the framing stage of construction. This is when the basic structure of the building is being created, and the walls are being erected.
The steel studs are attached to the floor and ceiling joists using screw fasteners or welds.
Keep a few things in mind when using steel studs in your next construction project. First, steel studs are available in various sizes and thicknesses, so choosing the right size for your project is essential.
Second, they can be either flanged or unflanged. Flanged steel studs have a lip that extends out from the edge of the stud, while unflanged steel studs do not have this lip.
Finally, steel studs can be either plain or punched. Plain steel studs are smooth, while punched steel studs have holes that can be used for attaching electrical wiring or plumbing pipes.
Steel Studs vs. Wood Studs: Which One’s Better for Commercial Construction?
There are many benefits to steel studs over wood studs for commercial construction projects. Steel is more robust than wood, so it can support more weight and is less likely to warp due to moisture.
Steel studs are also more environmentally friendly than wood studs. They can be made from recycled steel, and they can be recycled themselves at the end of their lives. On the other hand, wood studs are a renewable resource, but they require more energy and resources to produce than steel. Not to mention the elimination of precious trees from our forests.
So, which is better for commercial construction projects? Steel or wood? The answer may depend on the specific project requirements. But in general, steel studs offer many advantages over wood studs and are the better choice for most commercial construction projects.
Top Reasons Why Commercial Steel Frame Buildings Use Steel Studs
There are many different reasons why some of the biggest construction companies opt for steel studs and commercial steel frames when constructing buildings, and listed below are the top reasons why.
Steel Studs Are Durable / Eco-Friendly
Steel’s high carbon content makes it a solid and durable material. Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, and its high carbon content gives it its strength. Steel is used in various applications, from infrastructure to appliances, because of its strength and durability. Steel also has a very low coefficient of thermal expansion, meaning it expands and contracts very little with temperature changes. This makes it ideal for use in construction, where large temperature swings can cause other materials to warp or crack.
Steel Studs Are Easily Installable
There are several reasons why steel studs are easy to install. First, they are much lighter than other framing materials to be easily carried and manipulated by one person. Second, they are very strong and rigid, so they do not require additional support during installation. Third, the fastening systems used for steel studs are straightforward to use. Finally, steel studs are available in various sizes and lengths to easily customize to fit any application.
Steel Studs Are Fire Resistant
Steel is non-combustible, so it won’t contribute to a fire if one starts. There are several other properties of steel that make it fire-resistant. First, steel has a high melting point and withstands high temperatures without beginning to melt. Second, steel is an excellent conductor of heat, meaning that it quickly transfers heat away from its surface. This prevents the steel from becoming too hot and beginning to warp or melt. Finally, steel is not flammable, so it will not catch fire even if exposed to flames.
Steel Studs Are Resistant to Insects/Termite Damage
Insects and termites are attracted to wood because they use it as a primary food source. There are many why reasons insects and termites might choose to use wood as their food source. For one, wood contains much cellulose, a key ingredient in many insects and termite diets. Over time, these insects and termites will eat away at the foundation of buildings, causing many problems in the long run. In addition to being appetizing for certain insects and termites, wood is also a very sturdy material, so it can offer insects and termites an excellent place to build their nests or homes. Steel does not provide a food source, nor can it be damaged by these annoying inhabitants, so most insects/termites are not attracted to it. This makes steel a very durable material that is ideal for construction projects.
Steel Studs Can Be Easily Fabricated for Installation
Another advantage of steel studs is that they can be easily fabricated for installation. Steel studs are made by rolling and welding sheets of metal together. This process is called cold-form steel fabrication, and it allows steel studs to be manufactured in a variety of shapes and sizes. This makes them ideal for various applications, from framing walls to creating custom trusses. Steel studs can also be cut to length and punched with holes to accommodate wiring, plumbing, and other fixtures. This makes them very versatile and easy to work with.
Steel Studs Are Stable
Another advantage of steel studs is that they are very stable and durable. Unlike wood, steel will not warp, twist, or shrink over time. This makes it an ideal material for use in various applications, from framing walls to creating custom trusses. Steel doesn’t absorb moisture, making it less likely to mold or rot. In addition, steel is a solid material to support much weight. This makes it ideal for load-bearing applications, such as framing walls or creating trusses. Steel studs are also very resistant to vibration and impact, so they will not loosen or fall out of place over time.
Steel Studs are Cost-Effective
One of the main reasons steel is popular for commercial construction projects is that it is more cost-efficient than other materials. The cost of steel studs varies depending on size and type, but it is generally more affordable than different framing materials. You can expect to pay anywhere from $2 to $4 per linear foot for steel studs. In addition to the cost efficiency, steel is extremely strong and durable, meaning that it can withstand a lot of wear and tear, which means you won’t be spending too much money on future repairs. This makes it an ideal material for buildings that are likely to experience a lot of foot traffic or other heavy use. Finally, steel is relatively easy to work with, which helps to keep construction labor costs down.
Conclusion & CTA for Coastal Steel Structures
There are many advantages of steel studs, which is why they are the preferred framing material for many construction projects. Steel studs are strong, durable, and cost-effective, and they can be easily fabricated for installation. If you are looking for a framing material that will provide you with a high level of performance, then steel studs are the right choice for you.
At Coastal Steel Structures, we can provide you with all the steel studs you need for your next construction project. We offer a wide variety of steel studs in different sizes and shapes so that you can find the perfect option for your needs. We also provide cold-formed steel fabrication services to customize your steel studs to your specifications.
Contact us today if you are interested in learning more about our steel studs or cold-formed steel fabrication services. We would be happy to answer any questions and help you get started on your next project.